FAA Complex Aircraft Endorsement
A complex airplane is defined by 14 CFR 61.31(e) as an airplane that has:
- Retractable landing gear
- Controllable pitch propeller
Ground and Flight Training is required to obtain a Complex Aircraft Endorsement.
FAA High Performance Endorsement
A High Performance Endorsement is needed to operate an aircraft with an engine of more than (exceeding) 200 horsepower. 14 CFR 61.31(f)
Ground and Flight Training is required to obtain a High Performance Endorsement.
For Multi Engine Aircraft, each engine (not all engines combined) must exceed 200 horsepower.
FAA High Altitude Endorsement
The FAA requires a High Altitude Endorsement to act as pilot in command of pressurized airplane with a service ceiling or maximum operating altitude above 25,000 feet MSL. 14 CFR 61.31(g)
Ground and Flight Training is required prior to receiving a high-altitude endorsement.
Ground Training include the following subjects:
- High-altitude aerodynamics and meteorology
- Effects, symptoms, and causes of hypoxia and any other high-altitude sickness
- Duration of consciousness without supplemental oxygen
- Effects of prolonged usage of supplemental oxygen
- Causes and effects of gas expansion and gas bubble formation
- Preventive measures for eliminating gas expansion, gas bubble formation, and high-altitude sickness
- Physical phenomena and incidents of decompression
- Any other physiological aspects of high-altitude flight
Flight Training includes:
- Normal cruise flight operations while operating above 25,000 feet MSL
- Proper emergency procedures for simulated rapid decompression without actually depressurizing the aircraft
- Emergency descent procedures
On successful completion of ground and flight training, a High Altitude Endorsement can be obtained.