FAA Endorsements

FAA Complex Aircraft Endorsement
A complex airplane is defined by 14 CFR 61.31(e) as an airplane that has:

  • Retractable landing gear
  • Flaps
  • Controllable pitch propeller

Ground and Flight Training is required to obtain a Complex Aircraft Endorsement.


FAA High Performance Endorsement
A High Performance Endorsement is needed to operate an aircraft with an engine of more than (exceeding) 200 horsepower. 14 CFR 61.31(f)

Ground and Flight Training is required to obtain a High Performance Endorsement.

For Multi Engine Aircraft, each engine (not all engines combined) must exceed 200 horsepower.


FAA High Altitude Endorsement
The FAA requires a High Altitude Endorsement to act as pilot in command of pressurized airplane with a service ceiling or maximum operating altitude above 25,000 feet MSL. 14 CFR 61.31(g)

Ground and Flight Training is required prior to receiving a high-altitude endorsement.

Ground Training include the following subjects:

  • High-altitude aerodynamics and meteorology
  • Respiration
  • Effects, symptoms, and causes of hypoxia and any other high-altitude sickness
  • Duration of consciousness without supplemental oxygen
  • Effects of prolonged usage of supplemental oxygen
  • Causes and effects of gas expansion and gas bubble formation
  • Preventive measures for eliminating gas expansion, gas bubble formation, and high-altitude sickness
  • Physical phenomena and incidents of decompression
  • Any other physiological aspects of high-altitude flight

Flight Training includes:

  • Normal cruise flight operations while operating above 25,000 feet MSL
    • Proper emergency procedures for simulated rapid decompression without actually depressurizing the aircraft
    • Emergency descent procedures

On successful completion of ground and flight training, a High Altitude Endorsement can be obtained.

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